验证码

写在前面

断断续续,今天算是把验证码的东东弄出来了。

验证码类

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace Wolfy.NetDisk.Utilities
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 验证码类
    /// </summary>
    public static class VerifyCode
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 生成验证码
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="len">验证码长度</param>
        /// <param name="strCode">验证码</param>
        /// <returns>验证码图片</returns>
        public static byte[] Create(int len, out string strCode)
        {
            MemoryStream stream = new MemoryStream();
            byte[] buffer = null;
            //噪线 噪点
            Color[] colors = { Color.Black, Color.Red, Color.Blue, Color.Green, Color.Orange, Color.Brown, Color.DarkBlue };
            //验证码字体
            string[] fonts = { "Times New Roman", "MS Mincho", "Book Antiqua", "Gungsuh", "PMingLiU", "Impact" };
            //验证码内容
            char[] charactars = { '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9', 'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F', 'G', 'H', 'I', 'J', 'K', 'L', 'M', 'N', 'O', 'P', 'Q', 'R', 'S', 'T', 'U', 'V', 'W', 'S', 'Y', 'Z' };
            //生成验证码字符串
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            Random r = new Random();
            for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
            {
                char codeChar = charactars[r.Next(0, charactars.Length)];
                sb.Append(codeChar);
            }
            strCode = sb.ToString();
            using (Bitmap bitmap = new Bitmap(len * 25, 35))
            {
                using (Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(bitmap))
                {
                    g.Clear(Color.White);
                    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
                    {
                        int x1 = r.Next(100);
                        int y1 = r.Next(40);
                        int x2 = r.Next(100);
                        int y2 = r.Next(40);
                        Color color = colors[r.Next(colors.Length)];
                        g.DrawLine(new Pen(color), x1, y1, x2, y2);
                    }
                    //将字符串画入图片
                    for (int i = 0; i < strCode.Length; i++)
                    {
                        string font = fonts[r.Next(fonts.Length)];
                        Font fnt = new Font(font, 18);
                        Color color = colors[r.Next(colors.Length)];
                        g.DrawString(strCode[i].ToString(), fnt, new SolidBrush(color), (float)i * 20 + 8, (float)8);
                    }
                    //画噪点
                    for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
                    {
                        int x = r.Next(bitmap.Width);
                        int y = r.Next(bitmap.Height);
                        Color color = colors[r.Next(colors.Length)];
                        bitmap.SetPixel(x, y, color);
                    }
                }
                bitmap.Save(stream, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg);
                buffer = stream.ToArray();
            }

            return buffer;

        }
    }
}

在UserInfoController中添加Action

[HttpGet]
public ActionResult VerifyCodeImage()
{
    string strCode = string.Empty;
    byte[] buffer = VerifyCode.Create(6, out strCode);
    Session["code"] = strCode;
    return File(buffer, @"image/jpeg");
}

注册页面上添加验证码的表单输入框

<div class="form-group">
    <label class="control-label col-md-2">验证码</label>
    <div class="col-md-10">
        <input type="text" name="name" value=" " />  <img id="imgCode" style="cursor:pointer;" title="切换下一张" src="/UserInfo/VerifyCodeImage" alt="验证码" />
    </div>
</div>

为验证码图片添加单击事件,切换下一张,为了避免缓存,添加随机数参数,保证每次请求是一次新的请求。

<script>
    $(function () {
        $("#imgCode").click(function () {
            var ran = Math.random();
            //加上随机数ran,避免验证码缓存。
            this.src = "/UserInfo/VerifyCodeImage?_r=" + ran;
        });
    });
   
</script>

页面测试

总结

今天比平时早回来会儿,就趁着做了一个功能,进度有点慢啊。